Women and Child Centric Adaptation Planning Training in Kerala
15-16 December, 2017
Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Locally organised by: Thanal, Suchitwa Mission, Institute of Climate Change Studies of Government of Kerala and PAN-India Network
Thanal recently co-organised a two-day training in collaboration with Suchitwa Mission, Institute of Climate Change Studies of Government of Kerala, Climate Action Network South Asia, PAN-India Network, UNICEF India and Phia Foundation. This training for line department and district planning officials was part of the “Climate Resilient Kerala” stakeholder events series started by Thanal in 2016. Titled ‘Training on Women and Child-centric Planning for Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction’, the event witnessed participation from government departments such as Kerala State Nutrition Research Centre, Nava Kerala Mission, Kerala Social Security Mission, District Suchitwa Mission, Trivandrum Corporation, Directorate of Health Services, Kerala Water Authority, State Poverty Eradication Mission and Department of Environment and Climate Change. Representatives from local governance institutions such as District Panchayat, Gram Panchayat and Municipal Gram Panchayat of Wayanad district and several CSOs also participated in the training. With an aim to build resilience to climate change, the trainers used the modules they have developed to introduce existing and projected challenges as well as practical solutions to Government and CSO practitioners on WASH, Nutrition and Education.
Methods of Training
To begin with, climate impacts on Kerala and specific risks to WASH, Education and Nutrition were discussed in the opening plenary. Thereafter, the participants were segregated into three groups in which detailed discussions on each sectoral module was conducted. The discussion was interspersed with group activities, presentations on specific issues and short videos that kept participants involved and engaged. In the end of each session, the participants provided their feedback on lessons learned and commented critically about the content, delivery and applicability of the training to their respective area of work. It was helpful to undertake course correction in the subsequent sessions that included making training sessions more interactive through experience sharing, vernacular and enhancing their effectiveness by referring to examples from the state. The participants responded positively by contributing to the discussion and thus enriching it with diverse perspectives.
The group activities performed were jigsaw puzzle solving exercise using the district vulnerability map of Kerala state highlighting the most vulnerable districts – as it turned out the state Chief Minister and Finance Minister come from two of the highly vulnerable districts. The participants also adapted the National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change of the National Action Plan on Climate Change to the state needs and proposed various strategies, action points and activities to operationalise the knowledge mission in Kerala.
In the final group exercise, the participants developed simple poster cut-outs of fisher-folk woman, urban woman and woman farmer into “Climate Change Heroes” by pasting onto them various armour as “tools and skills” to combat climate change after discussing with fellow group colleagues what that representative woman of Kerala community needs for climate resilience. This exercise encouraged the participants to apply the 2-day learning and their ideas to promote climate resilience of Kerala women and children.
Policies and Schemes Under Discussion
The sectoral discussion was guided by the existing schemes and missions in the respective themes of WASH, Education and Nutrition. The schemes discussed in education group were Right to Education Act 2009, Mid-Day Meal Scheme (1995) and Integrated Child Development Society (ICDS). The recommendations obtained from previous 2 roundtables on Climate Resilient Kerala were also discussed and customised as per needs and priorities of various districts.
In the nutrition group, the schemes, policies and institutions discussed were National Food Security Mission, Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana, NRHM, MDM, anganwadis, Ashreya yojana, etc. The group also looked at challenges faced in plantation crops of coffee, tea, cashew, mangoes, bananas and staple crop of paddy.
In the WASH group, the discussion centred on Suchitwa Mission, Total Sanitation Campaign, NRHM, ICDS, National Mission on Sustainable Urban Habitat and SDGs.
The participants expressed their interest to take the learning to their respective departments and organisations as well as invited the organisers to arrange similar events for the concerned departments to align their policies, schemes, projects and institutional mechanisms to promote climate resilience of women and children.
Technical Training on Aligning Policies on WASH, Nutrition and Education with Climate Resilience Needs of Women and Children
27-28 November, 2017
Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Locally organised by: Oxfam India
Odisha is among the states in India that already are bearing the impacts of climate change in the form of heat waves, cyclones and crop failure from untimely rains. In the discourse and planning for climate action, often women and children are not adequately considered. UNICEF India has the mandate to support interventions in the first 59 months duration of a child’s life to help build a healthy nation. As part of this endeavour, the project carried out through UNICEF India’s support on aligning state policies with resilience needs of children and women, CANSA, Oxfam India and project partners in Odisha organised a technical training for state government line departments on WASH, nutrition and education sectors. The training was held in Bhubaneswar on 27-28 November, 2017 and 40 participants from line departments and civil society attended. This training was preceded by a state-level consultation to disseminate the key findings of Odisha SAPCC (State Action Plans on Climate Change) review done from the perspective of women and child resilience by Oxfam India in the past few months.
The technical training sessions were a mix of concepts, case studies, policy analysis and fun activities. After the first session on day one presented the climate science, challenges and initiatives in India, the participants were offered a choice to go into break-out groups for thematic trainings on each of the 3 sectors – WASH, nutrition and education. In the brief round of introduction, each participant narrated how they were affected by climate change. It turned out almost everyone had experienced some impacts of climate change and many also had a role to play in emergency and relief measures while each one was personally affected.
The technical training was based on the review of Odisha SAPCC as well as 3 modules developed on WASH, nutrition and education. In the modules and the training, the policies and schemes relevant to these 3 sectors were analysed and recommendations for aligning them with climate resilience needs of women and children were discussed. Some of the prominent policies and schemes that featured in the training were Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid-Day Meal scheme, ICDS, National Urban Sanitation Policy, Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram, etc.
Activities to Engage Participants
The training programme featured several activities during and between the sessions to keep the participants engaged and thinking. The activities ranged from a jigsaw puzzle – Putting together the Odisha Vulnerability Map – followed with a discussion on the vulnerabilities of Odisha to converting cut-outs of Odisha women into climate resilience warriors by giving her the necessary ‘armour’ and weapons’ using craft paper and stationery such as the armour of safe schools (helmet of a relevant climate curriculum, belt of mid-day meal scheme with wholesome nutrition from clean, hygienic, local foods); skirt of community resilience through assured livelihoods (MGNREGA & entrepreneurship development) and safe drinking water; sword of traditional knowledge; shield of renewable energy use (smokeless chulhas, solar/wind energy for power); and boots of a robust finance mechanism.
There were also activities such as ‘Finding the Gap – a micro-perspective’ – that attempted to make the connection of the climate impacts with participants’ jobs. The group inputs eventually became elements of a proposed State Climate Knowledge Mission (in tandem with the national missions for climate change). Put together with a macro-perspective film, these two perspectives enabled the participants to link the elements of the proposed Knowledge Mission with the SAPCC and National Missions under the next activity ‘Match the Following & Bridge the Gap’, in which some gaps were identified by them.
During the 2 days, the group activities included the following films:
- Short film from National Geographic on climate change causes & effects that set the base for an activity where a set of words were shown and each participant had to say whether they were related to climate change or not. The participants fared well in this round;
- CSE’s ‘Climate Change Analysis: India’s Climate is warming at a very fast rate’;
- ‘Effects of Climate Change on India: Climate change affecting Indian farmers’;
- Film titled ‘An Innovative Approach to Preparing a Sub-National Climate Change Action Plan’ on Odisha SAPCC by Chief Secretary Mr Behera, introduced the macro-perspective.
The last session explored all possible linkages between Education, Nutrition, WASH to ensure a robust comprehensive, integrated climate resilient plan – one that could be taken to the respective departments and adapted into building robust systems.
Various handouts were given to the participants during the training:-
- Odisha State Climate Vulnerabilities: Understanding Vulnerability and its assessment;
- India – Climate Change Impact; Review of SAPCC with focus on women and children (Excerpts of Draft Report);
- WOTR Case Study – Children’s Biodiversity Register (CBR);
- Traditional Knowledge & its relevance to Climate Change Adaptation;
- Odisha School cum Cyclone Shelters: Child Friendly Spaces
Report by Climate Action Network South Asia Project Co-ordinator Anoop Poonia.